Pilate, Simon, And The Crucifixion

Pilate, Simon, And The Crucifixion

Jesus Delivered to Pilate
15 And as soon as it was morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council. And they bound Jesus and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate. 2 And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” 3 And the chief priests accused him of many things. 4 And Pilate again asked him, “Have you no answer to make? See how many charges they bring against you.” 5 But Jesus made no further answer, so that Pilate was amazed.

Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified
6 Now at the feast he used to release for them one prisoner for whom they asked. 7 And among the rebels in prison, who had committed murder in the insurrection, there was a man called Barabbas. 8 And the crowd came up and began to ask Pilate to do as he usually did for them. 9 And he answered them, saying, “Do you want me to release for you the King of the Jews?” 10 For he perceived that it was out of envy that the chief priests had delivered him up. 11 But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to have him release for them Barabbas instead. 12 And Pilate again said to them, “Then what shall I do with the man you call the King of the Jews?” 13 And they cried out again, “Crucify him.” 14 And Pilate said to them, “Why? What evil has he done?” But they shouted all the more, “Crucify him.” 15 So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

Jesus Is Mocked
16 And the soldiers led him away inside the palace (that is, the governor’s headquarters), and they called together the whole battalion. 17 And they clothed him in a purple cloak, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on him. 18 And they began to salute him, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 19 And they were striking his head with a reed and spitting on him and kneeling down in homage to him. 20 And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the purple cloak and put his own clothes on him. And they led him out to crucify him.

The Crucifixion
21 And they compelled a passerby, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross. 22 And they brought him to the place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull). 23 And they offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it. 24 And they crucified him and divided his garments among them, casting lots for them, to decide what each should take. 25 And it was the third hour when they crucified him. 26 And the inscription of the charge against him read, “The King of the Jews.” 27 And with him they crucified two robbers, one on his right and one on his left. 29 And those who passed by derided him, wagging their heads and saying, “Aha! You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, 30 save yourself, and come down from the cross!” 31 So also the chief priests with the scribes mocked him to one another, saying, “He saved others; he cannot save himself. 32 Let the Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross that we may see and believe.” Those who were crucified with him also reviled him.

The Governor

Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor, takes Jesus into his custody. He shows no concern regarding Jesus' divine status and inquires whether Jesus claims to be the ruler of the Jews. Jesus does not offer a direct response, leaving Pilate to make a judgment on his own. Although the Jewish high priest and the Roman governor acknowledged the truth about Jesus, they remained skeptical. During Passover, it is customary for the governor to pardon a prisoner. The governor proposes that Jesus be released this year, but the priests incite the crowd to rally behind Barabbas instead. Despite Barabbas' history as a convicted murderer and rebel, he is seen as a man of action, and the people demand his release while calling for Jesus to be crucified.

Mocked And Beaten

Pilate succumbs to the pressure and orders him to be flogged. This entails tying Jesus to a post and subjecting him to lashes on both his front and back using a vicious whip made of countless strands of leather, each embedded with fragments of metal and bone that inflict excruciating pain. Jesus is at the mercy of the Roman soldiers. They mockingly crown him with a twisted thorn crown and a royal purple robe. Unaware that they are actually proclaiming the truth, they taunt him by calling him the 'King of the Jews'. 

A Passerby

After being brutally beaten, Jesus is led outside the city for his execution. Due to his weakened state, a passerby from Africa named Simon of Cyrene is compelled to carry the heavy crossbeam. The site of the crucifixion is commonly referred to as Golgotha, which translates to 'skull' in Aramaic.


Crucifixion is undoubtedly one of the most excruciating modes of demise. The term 'excruciating' itself is derived from crucifixion. The individuals are deprived of their garments and tied or nailed unclad to a wooden cross. They remain suspended there, exposed to scorching heat or frigid cold until they give up their last breath. Their acquaintances may prolong their life by providing sustenance and refreshments or attempting to mitigate their agony with medications. However, ultimately, they die usually due to cardiac arrest. Jesus declines the offer of a drink to alleviate his pain, opting to bear the full extent of human suffering in every aspect of his being - physical, mental, and spiritual. On either side of Jesus are criminals who refuse to accept Jesus, although Luke notes that one eventually does.





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